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What Is Person Centred Care In Dementia Dawn Brooker

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Dawn Brooker: Person Centred Leadership in Dementia Care

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Early Life And Education

In 1984 Brooker graduated with a master’s degree and qualified as a clinical psychologist at the University of Birmingham. She became interested in dementia because of her personal experiences, having grown up with a grandfather with dementia. After graduating, she worked as a psychologist, before returning to academia in the mid-nineties. She first heard Thomas Kitwood, a pioneer in dementia care who would eventually become her doctoral supervisor, speak at a conference in 1988. Her doctoral research focussed on improving the quality of care for people suffering from dementia.

What Is Person

Person-centred care is an approach to caring for people with dementia that puts their individual interests, background and needs first. It ensures that their care is designed around them, not the carer or the facility that they may reside in.

Their hobbies, abilities, history and personality are considered first and foremost. It is not a one-method fits all patients model of care. Most importantly, it treats people with dementia with respect and dignity. It is also effective in preventing and managing psychological and behavioural symptoms of dementia.

The idea and framework of person-centered dementia care came from a British psychologist, Tom Kitwood , whose work on dementia care in Bradford, UK, led him to develop this model. One of the features of his training was to ensure that practitioners and other carers experience the physical, psychological and emotional challenges facing people with dementia. Over the years, Kitwoods ideas have been further developed by other practitioners.

Person-centred care:

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