The Rising Burden Of Alzheimer’s Disease Mortality In Rural America
ADRD mortality increased the most in nonmetropolitan areas between 1999 and 2019.
Today, nonmetropolitan areas have the highest levels of ADRD mortality.
Gaps in ADRD mortality between large central metros and nonmetros have widened.
Metro/nonmetro gaps in ADRD mortality differ substantially by region.
In some areas, ADRD is the leading contributor to urban/rural life expectancy gaps.
Risk Factors And Prevention
Although age is the strongest known risk factor for dementia, it is not an inevitable consequence of biological ageing. Further, dementia does not exclusively affect older people young onset dementia accounts for up to 9% of cases. Studies show that people can reduce their risk of cognitive decline and dementia by being physically active, not smoking, avoiding harmful use of alcohol, controlling their weight, eating a healthy diet, and maintaining healthy blood pressure, cholesterol and blood sugar levels. Additional risk factors include depression, social isolation, low educational attainment, cognitive inactivity and air pollution.
About 5%6% Of Alzheimers Patients Get It Before 65 As Per Alzheimers Stats
Its called young-onset Alzheimers, and its an uncommon form of dementia. According to Alzheimers disease statistics, of 6 million Americans with Alzheimers, approximately 300,000360,000 have the young-onset form. In addition, these people develop symptoms of the disease between the ages of 30 and 60.
Different Lifestyle Factors Affect Dementia Risk
The study, published in Alzheimers & Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimers Association, used computed tomography brain scan images, cognitive and neurological assessments, and culturally appropriate questionnaires to diagnose dementia and cognitive impairment among the Tsimane and Moseten people.
This data, provided by a local team of trained translators and Bolivian physicians, found that the study participants found to have dementia or MCI frequently had unusual and prominent calcifications of their intracranial arteries
In the over-60 groups, the research team diagnosed about 8% of Tsimane and 10% of Moseten with mild cognitive impairment typically discovered by early-stage memory loss or decline of other cognitive ability, such as language or spatial perception to which these rates are more comparable to MCI in high-income countries like the U.S.
Despite their few cases of dementia, many study participants displayed parkinsonian symptoms during neurological examinations and cognitive deficits in attention, spatial awareness, and executive functioning.
What Might Account For The Difference
One study that examined dietary trends and Alzheimers disease in Japan and developing countries gives us a clue. The rate of Alzheimers disease in Japan had risen from 1% in 1985 to 8% in 2008. To determine what might have caused this increase in rate, the study investigators examined changes in dietary patterns among the Japanese during this period.
What they found was that the Japanese had been adopting a more Western diet, with an increase in their intake of animal products and processed foods, moving away from the more traditional Japanese diet.
In the same study, they also looked at the rising Alzheimers disease rates in eight other developed countries: Brazil, China, Cuba, Egypt, India, Nigeria, Republic of Korea, and Sri Lanka. They found similar results to Japan, that thered been an increase in the adoption of a Western diet, featuring more animal products and processed foods, correlating with an increase in Alzheimer disease rates in these countries.
Increased obesity was found among the eight countries, as well, while increases in cholesterol and saturated fat were found in Japan.
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Common Forms Of Dementia
There are many different forms of dementia. Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form and may contribute to 60-70% of cases. Other major forms include vascular dementia, dementia with Lewy bodies , and a group of diseases that contribute to frontotemporal dementia . Dementia may also develop after a stroke or in the context of certain infections such as HIV, harmful use of alcohol, repetitive physical injuries to the brain or nutritional deficiencies. The boundaries between different forms of dementia are indistinct and mixed forms often co-exist.
Data On Alzheimers Prevalence Confirms That Two
As several studies have confirmed that the incidence of Alzheimers and dementia is higher in women than men, its speculated that the reason behind this is that women live longer lives on average. Whats more, studies from several European countries prove that women have a higher Alzheimers incidence after the age of 80.
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Global Dementia Cases Forecasted To Triple By 2050
New analysis shows a decrease in prevalence due to education countered by increase due to heart health risk factors
DENVER, JULY 27, 2021 Positive trends in global education access are expected to decrease dementia prevalence worldwide by 6.2 million cases by the year 2050. Meanwhile, anticipated trends in smoking, high body mass index and high blood sugar are predicted to increase prevalence by nearly the same number: 6.8 million cases. Both according to new global prevalence data reported at the Alzheimerâs Association International Conference® 2021 in Denver and virtually.
With these forecasts incorporated, researchers with the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation at the University of Washington School of Medicine reported at AAIC 2021 that they estimate the number of people with dementia will nearly triple to more than 152 million by 2050. The highest increase in prevalence is projected to be in eastern sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa and the Middle East.
The U.S. National Institute on Aging estimates people over the age of 65 will make up 16% of the worldâs population by 2050 â up from 8% in 2010.
Recently published in Alzheimerâs & Dementia: The Journal of the Alzheimerâs Association, Nichols and team used the same data set to estimate that Alzheimerâs mortality rates increased by 38.0% between 1990 and 2019.
This study was partially funded by the Alzheimerâs Association.
Countries With The Lowest Dementia Rates Follow These 7 Food Secrets
Living longer we may be, but record numbers of people are experiencing cognitive decline and dementia.
In fact, in mid-November, Brits woke up to the scary headline that dementia is now the leading cause of death in England and Wales. How long will it be before such headlines appear in the USA?
And yet some populations in the world not only live long, healthy lives, but remain cognitively healthy too. What do they know that we dont?
Which Regions Have the Healthiest Brains?
The habitats of the worlds longest-lived, healthiest, most dementia-free people range from the Okinawa islands of Japan to the Nicoya area of Costa Rica, the PACA region of southeastern France or the adjacent Liguria district of northwest Italy with other pockets of exceptional health located in Greece, Spain, Central and South America.
Just from reading that list, you can see that their lifestyles, cuisines and cultures vary greatly, but dont be misled: all of them have seven dietary factors in common. Following their example might be a good idea.
According to Preston W. Estep, author of The Mindspan Diet, this is what they eat. . .
1. Consume relatively low animal protein and less red meat. High dementia populations eat 140 grams of protein a day, of which two-thirds comes from animal sources. Low dementia populations eat a third less protein, and this is split equally between animal and plant sources. They also drink less milk.
Appreciate Your Meals
The Mindspan Diet by Preston W. Estep, Ph.D.
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Alzheimers Statistics United States & Worldwide Stats
We know that Alzheimers affects so many lives around the globe, but to what extent? How many individuals are directly affected by Alzheimers and how many are receiving care? This condition is incredibly serious, as so many lives are being affected on a daily basis. In fact, out of the top ten causes of death in America, Alzheimers is the only condition which cannot be slowed down, prevented, or cured.
Where Are The Lowest Rates Of Alzheimers In The World
Written By Michael Greger M.D. FACLM on November 12, 2015
The rates of dementia differ greatly around the world, from the lowest rates in Africa, India, and South Asia, to the highest rates in Western Europe and especially North America. Is it all just genetics? Well, the incidence of dementia and Alzheimers disease is significantly lower for Africans in Nigeria than for African Americans in Indianapolis, for exampleup to five times lower.
Alzheimers rates of Japanese-Americans living in the U.S. are closer to that of Americans than to Japanese. When people move from their homeland to the United States, Alzheimers rates can increase dramatically. Therefore, when Africans or Asians live in the United States and adopt a Western diet, their increase in Alzheimers risk suggests that its not genetics.
A similar analysis in China arrived at the same conclusion. As the authors of the Japan study note, on the basis of these findings, the rate of Alzheimers disease and dementia will continue to rise unless dietary patterns change to those with less reliance on animal products. This is consistent with data showing those who eat vegetarian appear two to three times less likely to become demented, and the longer one eats meat-free, the lower the associated risk of dementia.
A few previous videos on Alzheimers and maintaining cognitive function:
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Prevalence Of Ad And Pd By Setting And Geography
The effect of setting was calculated only for AD. The prevalence rates were 3.14% for the urban population and 3.92% for the rural population. There was no significant difference between the settings .
Spatial distribution maps of prevalence of AD and PD over 60 years old were constructed from individual provinces across China . According to the geographical characteristics of China, the study locations were classified into seven geographic regions: East China, North China, Northeast China, Northwest China, South Central China, Central China, and Southwest China . Varied pooled prevalence rates were present in different geographic regions in China . The prevalence of AD was of the highest in Northwest China , and the lowest in South China . The prevalence of PD was of the highest in South China , and the lowest in Southwest China . Following standardization with the population of the respective regions, the overall pooled prevalence of AD and PD was 2.90% and 1.20% , respectively .
Figure 4. Spatial distribution of AD and PD prevalence rates across China in populations over 60 years old. The prevalence of AD. As a note, the age for Anhui, Gansu, and Chongqing was over 65 years. Age-standardized prevalence of AD. The prevalence of PD. As a note, the age for Hebei and Fujian was over 65 years. Age-standardized prevalence of PD. AD, Alzheimer’s disease. PD, Parkinson’s disease y, years old.
Table 3. Prevalence of AD and PD in different geographic regions of China.
Disproportionate Impact On Women
Globally, dementia has a disproportionate impact on women. Sixty-five percent of total deaths due to dementia are women, and disability-adjusted life years due to dementia are roughly 60% higher in women than in men. Additionally, women provide the majority of informal care for people living with dementia, accounting for 70% of carer hours.
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Alzheimers Statistics Amongst Americans
This year, 5.3 million Americans will live with Alzheimers in the United States, with an approximate 5.1 million people being 65 years and older. In terms of gender, 3.2 million are females and 1.9 million are male. Ethnicity also plays a role, as older African-American and Hispanic individuals are more likely to suffer from Alzheimers in comparison to older white individuals.
In terms of mortality rates, an estimated 700,000 people will die this year alone from Alzheimers. It is true that deaths from other major causes have decreased, however, deaths from Alzheimers have significantly increased. Between the years of 2000 and 2013, mortality rates increased by 71 percent.
Last, its important to focus on those who are caregivers and friends and family members provided an approximate 17.9 billion hours of unpaid care last year. This is emotionally taxing, as nearly 60 percent of Alzheimers caregivers report very high emotional stress.
There Are Proven Strategies To Help Avert Neurodegenerative Disease Including Smart Nutrition Exercise And Prion Aversion There Is Not A Cure For Prion Disease But Smart Nutrition Can Ease The Symptoms Preview And Order The Ebook Now To Defend Yourself And Your Family
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Countries With The Lowest Rates Seem To Have The Following In Common Their Secret
So the avoidance of animal products and processed foods is one thing countries with the lowest rates of Alzheimers disease and dementia seems to have in common.
And this study would corroborate this view, which found that those who consume meat in their diet were twice as likely to develop dementia compared to vegetarians.
Something else that research is discovering is that there seems to be a link between heart health and brain health. So the same risk factors that increase your chances of developing heart problems also increase your chances of developing brain problems, such as, dementia and Alzheimers disease. These risk factors include:
- Lack of exercise
- Smoking or exposure to secondhand smoke
- High blood pressure
- a good amount of fermented and pickled products
- some beans
- some tea, coffee, and red wine
And in developing countries, in particular, theres less access to decadent desserts and sugary snacks, which is another hallmark of the Western diet.
Prevalence Of Ad And Pd By Gender And Education
The prevalence rates of AD and PD for men were 2.30% and 1.20% , respectively and for women were 4.17% and 0.87% , respectively. A significant difference was found between the genders for both AD and PD .
Table 2. Effect of gender, education and setting on AD and PD prevalence.
In the context of education, the prevalence of AD was 5.39% for the illiterate and 1.92% for the non-illiterate. The education showed a significant impact on the prevalence rate . PD was not analyzed due to insufficient data.
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Prevalence Of Ad And Pd By Year In Individuals Over 60 Years Old
The pooled prevalence rates of AD in 19972001, 20022006, 20072011, 20122016, and 20172018 were 1.68, 1.90, 3.65, 4.16, and 3.96%, respectively, with a significant increase in 20072011 and 20122016 compared to its respective previous period. The pooled prevalence rates of PD in 19851999, 20002014 and 20152018 were 0.94, 1.14, and 2.04%, respectively, with a significant increase in the latter two periods compared to its respective previous period .
Based on the yearly pooled prevalence of AD from 1997 to 2018 in China, a model was identified as the best fitting specification . The rate of AD showed a slightly increasing trend with no seasonal variation, and was predicted to be 3.81% , 5.24% , 5.35% , 4.84% , and 6.17% for the next 5 years from 2019 to 2023 . PD was not analyzed due to insufficient data.
Figure 3. Prediction of AD prevalence in Chinese over 60 years old in the next 5 years. AD, Alzheimer’s disease.
People With Dementia Are Four Times More Likely To Die From Covid
Nearly two-thirds of dementia patients with COVID-19 are hospitalized, compared to 25% of the general public. As for African Americans with dementia, that figure jumps to 70%.
Also, data on the mortality rate of Alzheimers disease reveals that more than 20% of patients with dementia died when they contracted the virus, compared to only 5% of people without dementia.
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Alzheimers May Be Responsible For Over 500000 Annual Deaths In The Us
As we can see, the data on Alzheimers disease death rate is quite disturbing. According to a study, the mortality rate might be five to six times higher than what official estimates originally suggested, making Alzheimers the third leading cause of death in the US, right after heart disease and cancer.
Alzheimers Disease Prevalence Variation Between Spain The Us And Japan
The global burden of dementia is rising. Worldwide, approximately 50 million individuals have dementia, of which Alzheimer’s is most common, and there are nearly 10 million new cases each year, according to the World Health Organization .
The global burden of dementia is rising. Worldwide, approximately 50 million individuals have dementia, of which Alzheimers disease is the most common, and there are nearly 10 million new cases each year, according to the World Health Organization . In recent years, evidence has shown that modifiable lifestyle behaviours can slow down brain degeneration and cognitive decline associated with AD. GlobalData examined the prevalence of AD in Spain and the ways in which the countrys lifestyle norms may explain its low disease prevalence.
Figure 1 presents the total prevalence of AD in ages 60 years and older in 2021 in Spain, the US and Japan. The data are derived from GlobalDatas Alzheimers Disease: Epidemiology Forecast to 2028 report. Japan showed the highest total prevalence of AD, with 23.23% and 11.55% in women and men, respectively. The US showed the second-highest total prevalence rates of AD, with 11.64% in women and 7.66% in men. Spain had the lowest total prevalence of AD out of the three major pharmaceutical markets, with 11.23% and 3.80% in women and men, respectively. These trends raise questions about what might be causing the lower prevalence of AD in Spain.
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