Triggers For Crying And Calling Out In Dementia
A few possible reasons why your loved one;is displaying this behavior include:
- Physical causes such as pain, restlessness, hunger or a need to use the bathroom
- External causes, including an environment that is too busy or loud, and a change in routine
- Psychological causes such as loneliness, boredom, anxiety, depression, and delusions
Crying and calling out in dementia can be triggered by true distress as a result of feelings of loss and being overwhelmed. At other times, crying;appears to be less of a sorrowful response and more of habitual behavior.
Crying and calling out is sometimes more common in other;types of dementia including vascular dementia, frontotemporal dementia, and Lewy body dementia. These behaviors may;also increase later in the day due to sundowning, a condition common in dementia where behaviors and emotions escalate toward the evening.
Sometimes, a person with dementia may have a period of time when she’s screaming out loud but can’t tell you why. She may be feeling anxious or fearful, or be experiencing hallucinations or paranoia.;
Finally, pseudobulbar affect; can trigger excessive crying, as well as inappropriate laughter.Those with PBA might begin to cry and not know why they’re doing so.
Caring For A Cat With Dementia
If your cat has been diagnosed with dementia, it will need particular care. Steps to take to make your cat more comfortable include:
- Multiple litter trays in numerous locations
- Reliable, unchanging routine
- Assigned territory and quiet areas for resting
- A healthy diet and exercise regime
- Regular reassurance without making the cat feel it has something to fear
Most importantly, you will need boundless patience. The cat does not understand what it did wrong. You will just add further anxiety to a feline that is likely already distressed.
Support For Dementia Caregivers At The End Of Life
Caring for people with Alzheimers or other dementias at home can be demanding and stressful for the family caregiver. Depression is a problem for some family caregivers, as is fatigue, because many feel they are always on call. Family caregivers may have to cut back on work hours or leave work altogether because of their caregiving responsibilities.
Many family members taking care of a person with advanced dementia at home feel relief when death happensfor themselves and for the person who died. It is important to realize such feelings are normal. Hospicewhether used at home or in a facility gives family caregivers needed support near the end of life, as well as help with their grief, both before and after their family member dies.
Don’t Miss: What Are Some Signs Of Alzheimer’s Disease
Dementia Inhibits The Ability To Walk
Dementia can affect areas of the brain that are responsible for movement and balance. Many individuals affected by Alzheimers and other types of dementia gradually lose the ability to walk and perform everyday tasks. Knowing what to expect can make an easier transition for you and your loved one in the late stages of dementia.
When Is Memory Care Needed
Memory care;is specialized care for seniors with dementia. It includes 24-hour supervision to prevent wandering, help with ADLs, meal services, and, often, health care as needed.
Memory care can be beneficial from the early stages of dementia through the end of life. Specially designed;memory care activities, dining plans, and exercise programs cater to all seven stages of dementia in elderly loved ones.
When to seek memory care will vary depending on a seniors;dementia symptoms, health status, living situation, and more. Reach out to our free, local;Senior Living Advisors;to discuss memory care and dementia home care options for your family.
Reisberg, B., Ferris, S.H., de Leon, M.J., and Crook, T. The global deterioration scale for assessment of primary degenerative dementia. American Journal of Psychiatry, 1982:;
National Institute on Aging, What is Mild Cognitive Impairment?:;
Recommended Reading: When Does Dementia Typically Start
What Is Feline Dementia
This condition occurs when a cats cognitive functions begin to decline. As cats age, the body is no longer as supple and flexible as it once was. The same applies to the mind. Older cats will start to struggle with the basic thought processes that were once taken for granted.
Neuropathology of Feline Dementia compares cognitive decline in cats to Alzheimers disease in humans. In fact, feline dementia is considered a research model for this ailment. This provides some idea of what to expect from a senile cat.
Dementia should not normally impact cats until they age well into double figures. A cat is considered a senior from the age of 10. At this age, cats may start to show one or more symptoms of cognitive decline.
Symptoms usually become more pronounced after the age of 15. At this age, a cat is considered geriatric. 15 is the equivalent to the age of 76 in cat years. This means that some drop in mental acuity is to be expected.
Do not ignore the warning signs of feline dementia. Never write them off as part of aging. Cognitive decline negatively affects a cats quality of life, as well as the owners. Senile cats require more care.
What Are The Symptoms Of Vascular Dementia
The symptoms of vascular dementia can vary from person to person and from type to type. If youve had a stroke, you may find that your symptoms develop suddenly. Symptoms typically develop more gradually when vascular dementia is the result of another condition, such as small vessel disease.
Early cognitive symptoms of vascular dementia include:
Because vascular dementia is a complex condition that gets progressively worse as time goes by, your doctor may recommend seeing additional specialists.
Although there arent any medications specifically for vascular dementia, treatment plans often include medication recommended for people with Alzheimers disease. Alzheimers disease is the most common type of dementia.
There are two types of drugs used for managing Alzheimers disease, cholinesterase inhibitors and memantine .
Cholinesterase inhibitors boost the levels of a chemical messenger in your brain thats involved with memory and judgment. Side effects of cholinesterase inhibitors may include:
Also Check: How To Deal With Someone With Dementia
How Are Rpds Treated
Treatment depends on the type of RPD that was diagnosed. For example, if the RPD is the result of cancer or a hormone imbalance, treatments that target these specific conditions may help treat the RPD. Unfortunately, for many causes of RPD, there is no cure available. For these cases, however, we can sometimes treat the symptoms, make patients more comfortable and improve their quality of life.
Stages Of Alzheimer Disease
The stages of Alzheimer disease usually follow a progressive pattern. But each person moves through the disease stages in his or her own way. Knowing these stages helps healthcare providers and family members make decisions about how to care for someone who has Alzheimer;disease.
Preclinical stage.;Changes in the brain;begin years before a person shows any signs of the disease. This time period is called preclinical Alzheimer disease and it;can last for years. ;
Mild, early stage.;Symptoms at this stage include mild forgetfulness. This may seem like the mild forgetfulness that often comes with aging. But it may also include problems with concentration.;
A person may still live independently at this stage, but may;have problems:
Remembering a name
The person may be aware of memory lapses and their friends, family or neighbors may also notice these difficulties.;
Moderate, middle stage.;This is typically the longest stage, usually lasting many years. ;At this stage, symptoms include:
Increasing trouble remembering events
Problems learning new things
Trouble with planning complicated events, like a dinner
Trouble remembering their own name, but not details about their own life, such as address and phone number
Problems with reading, writing, and working with numbers
As the disease progresses, the person may:
Physical changes may occur as well. Some people have sleep problems. ;Wandering away from home is often a concern.;
Don’t Miss: Can Head Trauma Cause Dementia
Memory Loss And Confusion
My old girl has never been the sharpest tool in the box. She could be trained but she was always a little ditsy. Shes the manic pixie dream girl of the dog park, dazedly floating through life, without a care in the world.
Dementia daze is a slightly more concrete type of confusion that youll be able to tell in the following ways:
Third Dementia Stage: Mild Decline
Family and friends may start noticing some cognitive and memory problems from the patient at the third dementia stage. Performance on both cognitive and memory tests is affected, and physicians can instantly identify impaired cognitive function. Senior citizens at third stage of dementia showcase some symptoms that may include:
- Trouble remembering names of people they meet
- Organizing and planning
- Asking the same question repeatedly
- Losing personal possessions which might include valuables
It is possible that affected adults can begin to experience mild or moderate anxiety during the third stage of dementia, primarily because of the symptoms getting in the way of their everyday life. Should one notice any of the symptoms, it is imperative that the affected individuals go through a clinical interview with a licensed clinician to receive the proper diagnosis. It helps to start an appropriate medical course of action.
Caregivers should also note that it is essential that they try and get rid of any stress that may be affecting the patient. Let them understand what is going on in a kind and loving manner so that they can prepare to embrace the journey ahead. They can also help the patients with memory in some ways such as reminding them to pay their bills and getting them to any appointments they may have on time.
Also Check: How To Reverse Alzheimer’s Disease Naturally
Possible Causes Of Death
With some diseases, you end up dying not from the disease itself, but from a complication related to the disease. This is true for dementia. Many people with dementia ultimately die from a complication of the disease. These include:
- Pneumonia:;This is one of the biggest reasons why a person with dementia dies. They ultimately develop inflamed, infected lungs, which may be filled with fluid.
- Falls:;Falling can be deadly for a senior citizen. Dementia can affect your balance and your ability to walk, so it’s not uncommon to see people with dementia struggling to stand up.
- Choking:;Some dementia patients develop a form of pneumonia where food goes down the wrong tube. During the late stages of dementia, they may have trouble swallowing.
- Suicide:;During the early stages of dementia, especially in the time immediately following a diagnosis, there may be an increased risk of suicide. Know that depression is an early sign of dementia.
- Bedsores:;Prolonged pressure on a certain part of your body can create sores. In late-stage dementia, patients can find it hard to move or get out of bed, leading to bedsores.
- Stroke:;This is one of the leading causes of death in the U.S. In some cases, dementia can make the brain bleed, which increases the risk of stroke.
- Heart Attack: Having dementia may also increase the risk of having a heart attack. As with a stroke, the patient’s heart needs to be monitored to prevent a heart attack before it happens.
How Long Until Death?
What Can I Do?
Where To Get Help
- Your local community health centre
- National Dementia Helpline Dementia Australia ;Tel. 1800 100 500
- Aged Care Assessment Services Tel. 1300 135 090
- My Aged Care 1800 200 422
- Cognitive Dementia and Memory Service clinics Tel. 1300 135 090
- Carers Victoria Tel. 1800 242 636
- Commonwealth Carelink and Respite Centres Australian Government Tel. 1800 052 222
- Dementia Behaviour Management Advisory Service Tel. 1800 699 799 for 24-hour telephone advice for carers and care workers
Read Also: How Do You Treat Someone With Dementia
Decreased Or Poor Judgement
This is different to: making a bad decision once in a while.
Changes in decision-making or judgement might include dealing with money or paying less attention to keeping clean and groomed. ;This can be one of the more obvious parts of your observation list for early signs of dementia.
Look out for signs that your parent might not be looking after themselves the way they used to.; They may forget to wash regularly, wear the same clothes continuously throughout the week, forget to brush their teeth, forget to brush their hair, shave or to visit the toilet.
Its vital to make sure your parent is keeping up with any regular appointments they may have. Make sure theyre keeping up with their health and hygiene routines with our guide to keeping healthy.
Looking To Learn More About Dementia Dementia Explained Has Been Developed By Alzheimers Research Uk To Help Children And Teenagers Understand Dementia How It Affects Someone And How This Could Impact Their Lives
Your amazing brain is inside your head. Click here to explore the brain, play our games, read a story, and learn about an illness called dementia which people sometimes get when they get older.
These pages are for younger children, up to about 6 years old.
Find out about dementia and the brain by playing games, reading a story, taking a tour of the brain and hearing from young people who have experience of a family member with dementia.
These pages are for school children, from 6 and over.
Recommended Reading: Can You Get Better From Dementia
Discussing Dementia Symptoms With Dr Alex Bailey
In a new episode of the Age Space Podcast, we talk to Dr Alex Bailey, an old age psychiatrist working in Westminster, sharing his thoughts and advice on dementia. This includes identifying the early signs of dementia, details of memory services, supporting those with dementia to live well, psychological therapies, supporting carers and much more. Listen to the dementia explained podcast.
What to read next…
Why Dementia Symptoms Fluctuate
The common perception that symptoms come and go is an important area worthy of additional study. From what we know now, here are five considerations when thinking about why your loved one might experience increasing and decreasing signs of dementia.
Don’t Miss: What Diseases Are Similar To Alzheimer’s
The 7 Stages Of Dementia
Alzheimers disease and other common forms of dementia including vascular dementia, dementia with Lewy bodies, and frontotemporal dementia are progressive conditions, with symptoms worsening over time as the disease progresses. Learn more about the stages of dementia and what to expect from your loved one as dementia progresses.
Although the two terms are often used interchangeably, Alzheimers disease and dementia are two different terms. Dementia is an umbrella term used to describe several conditions and it includes Alzheimers, as well as other conditions with shared symptoms.;More than mere forgetfulness, an individual must have trouble with at least two of the following cognitive areas to be diagnosed with dementia:
- Reasoning and judgment
- Visual perception
The assessment tools used to determine which stage of dementia a person is experiencing are meant to be a guide and a rough outline of what caregivers can expect and when they can expect it. Some symptoms may occur later than others, others may appear in a different order than the scale predicts, and some may not appear at all. Some symptoms may appear and then vanish, while others will continue to worsen over time. Because every person is different and dementia manifests itself uniquely, the speed at which dementia progresses varies widely. On average, a person with Alzheimers disease lives 4 to 8 years after a diagnosis, but some have been seen to live as long as 20 years.
Symptoms Specific To Vascular Dementia
Vascular dementia is the second most common cause of dementia, after Alzheimer’s. Some people have both vascular dementia and Alzheimer’s disease, often called “mixed dementia”.
Symptoms of vascular dementia are similar to Alzheimer’s disease, although memory loss may not be as;obvious in the early stages.
Symptoms can sometimes develop suddenly and quickly get worse,;but they can also develop gradually over many months or years.
Specific symptoms can include:
- stroke-like symptoms: including muscle weakness or temporary paralysis on one side of the body
- movement problems; difficulty walking or a change in the way a person walks
- thinking problems; having difficulty with attention, planning and reasoning
- mood changes; depression and a tendency to become more emotional
Read more about vascular dementia.
Recommended Reading: What To Do If You Have Alzheimer’s