There Is No Cure For Alzheimer’s But Treatment Can Slow The Disease’s Progression
Researchers are still searching for a cure for Alzheimers. However, there are several pharmaceutical treatments available that may alleviate some symptoms, allowing patients in the mild and moderate stages of the disease to retain better quality of life.
Medications called cholinesterase inhibitors help prevent the breakdown of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine in the brain, which helps networks of neurons that use acetylcholine at their synapses to communicate. Given acetylcholines role in memory and thinking, having more acetylcholine in the brain could improve the memory function of someone with Alzheimers.
Another series of drugs used to treat Alzheimers deals with the neurotransmitter glutamate. Glutamate is important for normal brain function, but excessive amounts of glutamate can damage or even kill neurons. Therefore, medications like Namenda , an N-methyl D-aspartate antagonist, can help Alzheimers patients by regulating glutamate levels.
Because they act on different neurotransmitters using different chemical interactions, a cholinesterase inhibitor and NMDA antagonist can be used together.
The types of medications mentioned above help preserve cognitive functions, but there are also drug and non-drug ways of managing the behavioral symptoms of Alzheimers. Antidepressants might be used to help with some of the mood changes experienced by people with Alzheimers.
Be sure to subscribe to the Visible Body Blog for more anatomy awesomeness!
Wilson Disease Genetic And Rare Diseases Information
What Causes Alzheimer Disease
Lots of research is being done to find out more about the causes of Alzheimer disease. There is no one reason why people get it. Older people are more likely to get it, and the risk increases the older the person gets. In other words, an 85-year-old is more likely to get it than a 65-year-old. And women are more likely to get it than men.
Researchers also think genes handed down from family members can make a person more likely to get Alzheimer disease. But that doesn’t mean everyone related to someone who has it will get the disease. Other things may make it more likely that someone will get the disease, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol, Down syndrome, or having a head injury.
On the positive side, researchers believe exercise, a healthy diet, and taking steps to keep your mind active may help delay the start of Alzheimer disease.
Read Also: What Is Vascular Dementia Life Expectancy
Health Environmental And Lifestyle Factors
Research suggests that a host of factors beyond genetics may play a role in the development and course of Alzheimers. There is a great deal of interest, for example, in the relationship between cognitive decline and vascular conditions such as heart disease, stroke, and high blood pressure, as well as conditions such as diabetes and obesity. Ongoing research will help us understand whether and how reducing risk factors for these conditions may also reduce the risk of Alzheimers.
A nutritious diet, physical activity, social engagement, and mentally stimulating pursuits have all been associated with helping people stay healthy as they age. These factors might also help reduce the risk of cognitive decline and Alzheimers. Researchers are testing some of these possibilities in clinical trials.
Can A Veteran With Dementia Get Home Modifications
HISA Grants. Most veterans with dementia in the mid-to-late stage fit the criteria for being disabled and are therefore eligible. Home modifications may be made to a veterans home, the home of a family member in which the veteran resides, or a rental home, as long as the owner grants permission for the modifications.
Recommended Reading: Does Smelling Farts Help Prevent Dementia
What Will The Doctor Do
It can be hard for a doctor to diagnose Alzheimer disease because many of its symptoms can be like those of other conditions affecting the brain. The doctor will talk to the patient, find out about any medical problems the person has, and will examine him or her.
The doctor can ask the person questions or have the person take a written test to see how well his or her memory is working. Doctors also can use medical tests to take a detailed picture of the brain. They can study these images and look for signs of Alzheimer disease.
When a person is diagnosed with Alzheimer disease, the doctor may prescribe medicine to help with memory and thinking. The doctor also might give the person medicine for other problems, such as depression . Unfortunately, the medicines that the doctors have can’t cure Alzheimer disease they just help slow it down.
What Is Alzheimer’s Disease
Dementia is the name for a set of symptoms that includes memory loss and difficulties with thinking, problem-solving or language. Dementia develops when the brain is damaged by diseases, including Alzheimers disease.
Alzheimers disease is a physical disease that affects the brain. It is named after Alois Alzheimer, the doctor who first described it.
Press play to watch a four-minute video about Alzheimer’s disease:
You May Like: Does Meredith Grey Have Alzheimer’s
Medications To Maintain Mental Function In Alzheimer’s Disease
Several medications are approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to treat symptoms of Alzheimers. Donepezil, rivastigmine, and galantamine are used to treat the symptoms of mild to moderate Alzheimers. Donepezil, memantine, the rivastigmine patch, and a combination medication of memantine and donepezil are used to treat moderate to severe Alzheimers symptoms. All of these drugs work by regulating neurotransmitters, the chemicals that transmit messages between neurons. They may help reduce symptoms and help with certain behavioral problems. However, these drugs dont change the underlying disease process. They are effective for some but not all people and may help only for a limited time.
Wilson’s Disease: Risk Factors Causes & Symptom
Origin of HIV & AIDS. HIV first began to spread along the historic trade routes of the Congo basin in the 1920s. KEY POINTS: HIV crossed from chimps to humans in the 1920s in what is now the Democratic Republic of Congo. This was probably as a result of chimps carrying the Simian Immunodeficiency Virus , a virus closely related to HIV. It is estimated that as many as 30,000 Americans have the disease at any given time. Most people develop ALS between the ages of 40 and 70, with an average age of 55 at the time of diagnosis. However, rare cases of the disease do occur in persons in their 20s and 30s Prader-Willi syndrome is a genetic condition that affects many parts of the body. Infants with PWS have severe hypotonia , feeding difficulties, and slow growth. In later infancy or early childhood, affected children typically begin to eat excessively and become obese.Other signs and symptoms often include short stature, hypogonadism, developmental delays, cognitive. Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease is a rare, degenerative, fatal brain disorder. It affects about one person in every one million per year worldwide in the United States there are about 350 cases per year. CJD usually appears in later life and runs a rapid course Spanish Flu, Woodrow Wilson, and My Family. P. erhaps you’ve heard of the influenza epidemic of 1918-19. It was horrific. The deadliest in history, it infected an estimated 500 million worldwide.
Read Also: Difference Between Senility And Dementia
The Basics Of Alzheimers Disease
Scientists are conducting studies to learn more about plaques, tangles, and other biological features of Alzheimers disease. Advances in brain imaging techniques allow researchers to see the development and spread of abnormal amyloid and tau proteins in the living brain, as well as changes in brain structure and function. Scientists are also exploring the very earliest steps in the disease process by studying changes in the brain and body fluids that can be detected years before Alzheimers symptoms appear. Findings from these studies will help in understanding the causes of Alzheimers and make diagnosis easier.
One of the great mysteries of Alzheimers disease is why it largely affects older adults. Research on normal brain aging is exploring this question. For example, scientists are learning how age-related changes in the brain may harm neurons and affect other types of brain cells to contribute to Alzheimers damage. These age-related changes include atrophy of certain parts of the brain, inflammation, blood vessel damage, production of unstable molecules called free radicals, and mitochondrial dysfunction .
Early Onset Alzheimers Disease
Although age is the main risk factor for Alzheimers disease, this is not just a condition that affects older adults.
According to the Alzheimers Association, early onset Alzheimers disease affects around 200,000 U.S. adults under the age of 65 years. Many people with this condition are in their 40s or 50s.
In many cases, doctors do not know why younger people develop this condition. Several rare genes can cause the condition. When there is a genetic cause, it is known as familial Alzheimers disease.
You May Like: What Color Ribbon Is Alzheimer’s
How Did Alzheimers Disease Get Its Name
Alzheimers disease is named after German psychiatrist and neurologist Alois Alzheimer. In 1906, the doctor noted some peculiar findings in the brain of a woman known simply as Auguste D who died after suffering memory less, disorientation, paranoia and unpredictable behavior.
After the 51-year-old womans death, Alzheimer performed an autopsy on her brain. He found misshapen clumps of protein and twisted bundles of fibers the characteristics that now distinguish the degenerative brain disease. He also noted shrinkage around the nerve cells in her brain.
Several years later, in 1910, Emil Kraepelin, a German psychiatrist who worked with Alzheimer, codified his colleagues findings. He named Alzheimers disease in the second volume of the German book General Psychiatry, marking the first time that the particular type of dementia which slowly destroys memory and thinking skills was described. Alzheimer himself died in 1915.
Caring For Someone With Alzheimers Disease
Alzheimerâs disease is called a family disease, because the chronic stress of watching a loved one slowly decline affects everyone. An effective treatment will address the needs of the entire family. Caregivers must focus on their own needs, take time for their own health, and get support and respite from caregiving regularly to be able to sustain their well-being during this caregiving journey. Emotional and practical support, counseling, resource information, and educational programs about Alzheimerâs disease all help a caregiver provide the best possible care for a loved one.
Absolutely the easiest thing for someone to say and the hardest thing to accept is the advice to take care of yourself as a caregiver. As stated by one caregiver, âThe care you give to yourself is the care you give to your loved one.â It is often hard to see beyond the care tasks that await you each morning.
Through training, caregivers can learn how to manage challenging behaviors, improve communication skills, and keep the person with Alzheimerâs safe. Research shows that caregivers experience lower stress and better health when they learn skills through caregiver training and participate in a support group . Participation in these groups can allow caregivers to care for their loved one at home longer.
Now it is time to take action, and take stock of the people, services, and information that will help you provide care. The earlier you get support, the better.
Recommended Reading: Senility Vs Dementia Vs Alzheimer\’s
What Is Alzheimer Disease
Alzheimer disease, which affects some older people, is different from everyday forgetting. It is a condition that permanently affects the brain. Over time, the disease makes it harder to remember even basic stuff, like how to tie a shoe.
Eventually, the person may have trouble remembering the names and faces of family members or even who he or she is. This can be very sad for the person and his or her family.
It’s important to know that Alzheimer disease does not affect kids. It usually affects people over 65 years of age. Researchers have found medicines that seem to slow the disease down. And there’s hope that someday there will be a cure.
Facts About Alzheimer’s Disease
Posted on 6/3/20 by Laura Snider
Did you know that June is Alzheimers and Brain Awareness month? Alzheimers Disease is a neurodegenerative condition that impairs memory and cognitive functioning. It affects around 5.5 million Americans, most of them over the age of 65, and is the 6th leading cause of death in the US.
Today were going to discuss five facts about Alzheimers that will help you understand its symptoms, its stages of progression, its potential risk factors, and some forms of treatment that can help slow it down.
Need a refresher on the structures of the brain? Check out this virtual brain dissection video with 3D visuals from Human Anatomy Atlas!
Read Also: Andrea Mitchell Drunk
Alzheimer’s Other Contributions To Science And Medicine
Alzheimer was unique in this era for several reasons.
First, he was an excellent scientist, taking detailed notes and using the latest research techniques. In addition to identifying Alzheimer’s disease, his research also included specific findings of brain changes in Huntington’s disease, arteriosclerosis, and epilepsy.
Alzheimer also placed much importance on speaking and dialoguing with his patients at a time when many physicians interacted very little with those in their care.
Alzheimer also is credited for implementing policies at the asylum against restraining patients. He required that his staff treat patients humanely, interact and frequently talk with them, and provide therapeutic baths for them. Previously, patients in an asylum received little care, and the isolation room was utilized frequently. In this way, Alzheimer made a significant contribution to the medical world by impacting how physicians viewed and treated patients as individual persons.
How Do People Know They Have It
The first sign of Alzheimer disease is an ongoing pattern of forgetting things. This starts to affect a person’s daily life. He or she may forget where the grocery store is or the names of family and friends. This stage may last for some time or get worse quickly, causing more severe memory loss and forgetfulness.
Recommended Reading: Does Prevagen Work For Dementia
The First Use Of Alzheimers Disease
Alzheimer later published his descriptions of several similar patients in 1909 and Kraepelin included Ms. Deters case in the 1910 edition of his widely respected psychiatry textbook. It was Kraepelin who named this dementia after his junior colleague.Auguste Deter was not an elderly woman at the onset of her illness, and Alzheimers disease was therefore regarded as a presenile dementia to distinguish it from the familiar senile dementia thought to result from aging-related vascular disease. Further investigation, however, showed that plaques and tangles were present in the brains of the majority of older adults with symptoms of dementia.
In the late 1960s, the British psychiatrists Tomlinson and Roth described the importance of these plaques in older adults, and in 1970 Dr. Roth questioned the meaningfulness of the age criterion that distinguished AD from senile dementia of the Alzheimers type.
Why Is It Called The Fifth Disease
Wilson allowed various officials to segregate the toilets, cafeterias, and work areas of their departments. One justification involved health: white government workers had to be protected from contagious diseases, especially venereal diseases, that racists imagined were being spread by blacks On September 7, 1813, the United States gets its nickname, Uncle Sam. The name is linked to Samuel Wilson, a meat packer from Troy, New York, who supplied barrels of beef to the United States Army. Why is it called Dupuytren? Guillaume Dupuytren was Napoleon’s surgeon, and in his time was the most famous surgeon in France. In 1831 at the Hotel-Dieu Hospital in Paris, he performed surgery and then lectured on a condition causing bent fingers, which since has borne his name People with Alzheimer’s disease may struggle to remember how they spent their morning, but still hold on to memories of their childhood. Sometimes they may even confuse caregivers for their parents or other people from their past. This is a result of how memory is stored. The disease is known to attack the area of the brain called the.
You May Like: Senile Dementia Of The Alzheimer Type
What Happens In Alzheimer Disease
You probably know that your brain works by sending signals. Chemical messengers, called neurotransmitters , allow brain cells to talk to each other. But a person with Alzheimer disease has lower amounts of neurotransmitters.
People with Alzheimer disease also develop deposits of stuff that prevent the cells from working properly. When this happens, the cells can’t send the right signals to other parts of the brain. Over time, brain cells affected by Alzheimer disease also begin to shrink and die.
Any Other Diseases Similar To Wilson Disease Answers
A: As the name implies, eastern parts of the U.S., including the entire East Coast and Gulf Coast, and some areas of the Midwest. The primary type of area for this potentially fatal disease is swampland, with swamp-inhabiting birds being potential reservoirs of the disease. EEE is one of the diseases mosquitoes can spread Your Name: Copy me on this email Recipient’s Email: Separate multiple email addresses with commas . Subject: Optional Message: Physician Discussions > Archive > Family Medicine Archive. WILSON DISEASE. Started By: tjgmd99, MD, Internal Medicine, 7:03PM Jul 04, 2014. just a nobody from nowhere!. Millones de Productos que Comprar! EnvÃo Gratis en Productos Participantes Wilson disease , also known as hepatolenticular degeneration, is an autosomal recessive disorder of human copper metabolism, 1,2 caused by pathogenic variants in the copper-transporting gene ATP7B. 3 â -5 WD leads to intracellular copper accumulation, causing damage to many organs, especially the brain. 6 â -8 Neurologic WD is one of the main forms of the disease, with some. George Huntington. George Huntington was an American physician from Long Island, New York who contributed the clinical description of the disease that bears his name â Huntington’s disease
Read Also: What Is The Color For Dementia