Being Confused About Time Or Place
Dementia can make it hard to judge the passing of time. People may also forget where they are at any time.
They may find it hard to understand events in the future or the past and may struggle with dates.
Visual information can be challenging for a person with dementia. It can be hard to read, to judge distances, or work out the differences between colors.
Someone who usually drives or cycles may start to find these activities challenging.
A person with dementia may find it hard to engage in conversations.
They may forget what they are saying or what somebody else has said. It can be difficult to enter a conversation.
People may also find their spelling, punctuation, and grammar get worse.
Some peoples handwriting becomes more difficult to read.
A person with dementia may not be able to remember where they leave everyday objects, such as a remote control, important documents, cash, or their keys.
Misplacing possessions can be frustrating and may mean they accuse other people of stealing.
It can be hard for someone with dementia to understand what is fair and reasonable. This may mean they pay too much for things, or become easily sure about buying things they do not need.
Some people with dementia also pay less attention to keeping themselves clean and presentable.
Needing Constant Memory Aids
When your memory is in good working order, you can recall most things without always having to write them down or be reminded. However, those in the throes of early Alzheimer’s become more dependent on memory aids, like reminder notes, and often need their friends and family members to help them out. If you can’t so much as remember to pick your friend up at the airport without an alert on your phone telling you to do so, it might be time to see the doctor.
Articles On Physical Problems With Dementia And Alzheimer’s
People with Alzheimerâs disease might itch and scratch or pick at their skin for many reasons. It may be hard for your loved one to let you know what the problem is, so youâll need to pay close attention and see if you can figure it out.
Dry skin is one of the most common causes of scratching and picking. Itâs common in older adults because as we age our skin gets thinner and doesnât hold as much moisture. This often makes the skin irritated and itchy. It can also result from using harsh cleansers or soaps, bathing too often, or bathing in hard water or well water. And itâs common in areas where the climate is hot or cold and the air is dry.
Itchy skin with red bumps may result from bug bites:
Bed bugs. These small oval insects feed on blood. They live on furniture, on beds, and in carpets. Theyâre mostly active at night. Their bites donât hurt, but they leave small, flat or raised bumps often in a row on the skin. The bites are commonly found on the face, neck, hands, and arms. They cause redness, swelling, and intense itching. Steroid creams or oral antihistamines, like Benadryl, can help relieve the itch. Pest-control experts can get rid of bed bugs in the home.
Ants and mosquitoes. If your loved one has been outside, they might have ant or mosquito bites. Clean the area with soap and water, then pat dry. Use hydrocortisone cream or calamine lotion to calm the itch. Cold compresses may also ease the swelling and inflammation.
Recommended Reading: How Long Do You Survive With Alzheimer’s
Spotty Recollection Of Recent Important Events
Forgetting a key conversation with a family member or a big news story from earlier in the week is concerningespecially if people cant remember they forgot it. If you remember that you forgot something, like your keys, that means your brain is still trying to access that information, says Dr. Sperling. Not being able to remember the name of an actor in a moviebut recalling it later that night or the next dayis probably not a sign of Alzheimers disease. Find out how this linguistic study could predict someones risk for developing Alzheimers.
Risk Factors To Consider
Although AD isnt an expected part of advancing age, youre at increased risk as you get older. More than 32 percent of people over age 85 have Alzheimers.
You may also have an increased risk of developing AD if a parent, sibling, or child has the disease. If more than one family member has AD, your risk increases.
The exact cause of early onset AD hasnt been fully determined. Many researchers believe that this disease develops as the result of multiple factors rather than one specific cause.
Researchers have discovered rare genes that may directly cause or contribute to AD. These genes may be carried from one generation to the next within a family. Carrying this gene can result in adults younger than age 65 developing symptoms much earlier than expected.
Recommended Reading: What Is The Best Treatment For Alzheimer
Whats The Best Treatment And Medication For Cognitive Dysfunction Syndrome
There are currently no medications or treatments that are 100% specifically approved to combat Cognitive Dysfunction Syndrome . A wide variety of clinical studies are currently underway so that the disorder in dogs can be much better understood. These studies also aim to find treatments that help improve symptoms in the best way.
Therapeutics is one of the treatments that best address the quality of life of dogs and their owners. Besides, this treatment helps a lot in delay the advancement of the different clinical signs. Among the therapeutic measures currently exist, people can find: behavioral, nutritional, and medication therapies.
The Cognitive Dysfunction Syndrome associated with age is also known as Alzheimers in dogs. That is a disease that can be detected very often in animals at 8.
The clinical picture is nonspecific, but a diagnosis that is early together with the currently available treatments; can improve dogs quality of life.
People with pets should be aware that without prompt treatment for Dog Alzheimers Signs, it can be very serious. The pathology can get worse and cause the dog to have to be euthanized.
Related Helpful Guides:
Signs Of Mild Alzheimers Disease
In mild Alzheimers disease, a person may seem to be healthy but has more and more trouble making sense of the world around him or her. The realization that something is wrong often comes gradually to the person and his or her family. Problems can include:
- Memory loss
- Poor judgment leading to bad decisions
- Loss of spontaneity and sense of initiative
- Taking longer to complete normal daily tasks
- Repeating questions
- Increased sleeping
- Loss of bowel and bladder control
A common cause of death for people with Alzheimers disease is aspiration pneumonia. This type of pneumonia develops when a person cannot swallow properly and takes food or liquids into the lungs instead of air.
There is currently no cure for Alzheimers, though there are medicines that can treat the symptoms of the disease.
Don’t Miss: What Is A Memory Test For Dementia
Approach Personal Hygiene With Care
Its important to approach all areas surrounding personal hygiene with care and consideration. These can be difficult conversations for family members to have with older parents with dementia and it can feel embarrassing for both parties.;
Embarrassment about not being able to take care of ones own personal hygiene can lead to people with dementia concealing painful rashes and living with discomfort for long amounts of time. Therefore if you are caring for someone with dementia, its important to keep an eye out for signs of scratching or discomfort.;
For someone living independently, managing household chores like changing the sheets, washing clothes and vacuuming carpets can be difficult. It may be a worthwhile expense, if possible, to pay a weekly cleaner to help around the house.;;
The Benefits Of An Early Alzheimers Diagnosis
People on the onset of Alzheimers may experience just one early warning sign or several and signs will show in varying degrees.
If youre concerned that a loved ones memory loss;may be serious, consult with a doctor.
While Alzheimers currently has no cure, an early diagnosis means early treatment. That increases a persons chances of maintaining independence for as long as possible and having a voice in planning for their future.
Did any early signs of Alzheimers lead to a diagnosis for you or a loved one? Share your story with us in the comments below.
Recommended Reading: Do Alzheimer Patients Talk In Their Sleep
Stage : Moderately Severe Decline
Stage 5 of Global Deterioration Scale of Alzheimer’s disease, termed “moderately severe decline,” is determined when the individual is no longer able to do routine tasks without some assistance. Typical problems of the previous stages become worse; added to these problems are the patient’s inability to remember to do common daily tasks , for example, the person:
- May have difficulty remembering common information
- Can no longer do routine tasks such as making a meal without some assistance
- May become disoriented to time or place
- Has a noticeable decline in personal hygiene habits, for example, brushing the teeth and/or bathroom hygiene
Difficulty Climbing Stairs And Lameness
Dogs can have a slight limp that is not due to osteoarthritis but to neurological failures. These neurological failures are normally at the level of all dogs spine, and the diagnosis must be that its owner takes it to a veterinarian. Owners may notice that lameness is not related to pain when gently stretching their limbs.
;Sign # 3;
Recommended Reading: What Is The Difference Between Alzheimer’s And Parkinson’s
What Are The Symptoms Of Frontotemporal Dementia
Frontotemporal dementia affects everyone differently. Its symptoms vary a lot and depend on which areas of the frontal and temporal lobes are damaged and so the type of FTD the person has.
As with most forms of dementia, FTD is progressive. This means its symptoms may be mild at first, but they will get worse over time.;
Find out more about FTD symptoms below.
Scratching This Part Of Body Is A Sign Of Alzheimer’s
Latest research from scientists at a leading University from the United Kingdom have discovered a surprising link between having a desire to scratch in an odd certain part of your body and the onset of Alzheimers.
If you find yourself wanting to itch/scratch;this part of your body;scientists are saying this is a signal for the onset of the deterioration of neuronal pathways in the brain, and ultimately Alzheimers.
Find out if you are showing the early warning signals of Alzheimers right now.
You May Like: How Fast Can Vascular Dementia Progress
Less Interaction With Humans
That is also one of the various symptoms of dogs with Alzheimers, which causes them to stop caring about being liked by humans. They lose interest in wanting to seduce humans into stroking their back or back. These dogs are indifferent when someone comes home or may even be less receptive to their owners.
;Sign # 5;
What To Do If This Sounds Like You
If youre experiencing any of these symptoms, especially in conjunction with memory loss, you should see your doctor. For starters, it may not even be Alzheimers but, instead, another treatable illness. But if it is Alzheimers, early detection is important for a number of reasons: It gives you the ability to get medication that could lessen or;slow symptoms of Alzheimers like memory loss and confusion; it gives you the option of participating in clinical trials; it lets you make lifestyle changes that may benefit cognitive function; and it also can help you stay safe and plan for the future. Check out these 50 habits that can reduce your risk of Alzheimers.
- Reisa Sperling, MD, director of the Center for Alzheimer Research and Treatment at Brigham and Womens Hospital in Boston
- A4 Study: Welcome to the A4 Study
- EurekAlert!: “First-of-its-kind Alzheimer’s disease prevention study extended”
Also Check: Can Infections Cause Alzheimer’s Disease
How Is Alzheimers Disease Diagnosed
Talk to a doctor if you or a loved one is finding it increasingly difficult to perform day-to-day tasks, or if you or a loved one is experiencing increased memory loss. They may refer you to a doctor who specializes in AD.
Theyll conduct a medical exam and a neurological exam to aid in the diagnosis. They may also choose to complete an imaging test of your brain. They can only make a diagnosis after the medical evaluation is completed.
Theres no cure for AD at this time. The symptoms of AD can sometimes be treated with medications meant to help improve memory loss or decrease sleeping difficulties.
Research is still being done on possible alternative treatments.
Dog Alzheimers Signs And Symptoms
The signs of dog Alzheimers do not vary much compared to the symptoms of a person with Senile Dementia or Alzheimers. If a dog has cognitive dysfunction , it should require special treatment to deal with its situation. Eight main symptoms can indicate to owners that their dogs suffer from Cognitive Dysfunction Syndrome or Canine Alzheimers.
;Sign # 1;
Recommended Reading: Can Bpd Lead To Dementia
Is Your Loved One Scratching All The Time
Many patients with Alzheimers disease can scratch at themselves until they are bloody. Sometimes it is an obsessive/compulsive behavior that is hard to stop. But many times, the scratching is caused by something in the environment. Below are some tips to consider to solve this problem:
To soothe her itching, use ointments to keep the scabs soft. Hard scabs encourage yet more scratching. Some Alzheimers patients will leave alone bandaids, so try covering scabs with them.
Keep in mind that many older people have fragile skin. You may not want to give her a bath every day, as this can dry the skin. Consider switching her to a quick shower, rather than a long bath . Dont bathe her more than three times per week. Also, keep her skin moisturized with non-allergenic lotion after every shower.
If problems persist, consider getting an appointment with a dermatologist.
Apply Turmeric On The Affected Area
Tumeric is a natural anti-inflammatory and anti-coagulant that can be found in your nearest grocery store. To heal picked skin fast, form a paste of turmeric and water, and apply on the affected area of your loved one. Apply on areas with the most number of skin picking cuts and wounds.
Before you go ahead with this, I have to warn you that turmeric has a bright yellow color and it can form stains on your loved ones clothes or the bedding.
Kindly, cover the entire bed or chair with a plastic sheet.
Numerous studies have proved the effectiveness of this natural herb. Tumeric contains a curcuminoid known as Curcumin. This is what gives it a natural yellow color.;
According to a study by the University of Sydney, Curcumin works as an anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidant, anti-carcinogenic, anti-mutagenic, anticoagulant, and the anti-infective agent when applied on picked skin.
Signs Of Alzheimers Disease That Have Nothing To Do With Memory Loss
Once mom or dad reaches a certain age, it’s easy to get swept away by worries about memory loss. Every time she wonders where she put her keys or he forgets his glasses are right there on his head, you probably think, “This is it, the beginning of the end.”
Understandable, considering there’s currently no cure for Alzheimer’s disease. In February, Merck halted a clinical trial for what had seemed to be a promising drug. But then investigators determined there was “virtually no chance of finding a positive clinical effect.” ;This disappointing news is only the latest in a string of similar letdowns for the estimated 5.4 million Americans with Alzheimer’s disease and their families.;
It’s bleak, yes, but it’s not hopeless. Early detection of Alzheimer’s symptoms can still lead to early treatment with the medications we do have, used to manage symptoms. Early treatment allows patients to live well for longer, says Dean M. Hartley, PhD, director of science initiatives at the Alzheimer’s Association, as well as make plans sooner for if and when the situation worsens. Early diagnosis of Alzheimer’s could also land someone in a clinical trial, says Dorene M. Rentz, PsyD, associate professor of neurology at Harvard Medical School, where patients not only receive quality care but could also play a role in new discoveries in prevention and treatment.
What Are The Symptoms Of Behavioural Variant Ftd
This is the most common type of FTD. In the early stages it mainly causes changes in someones personality and behaviour.;
A person with behavioural variant FTD may:
- lose motivation to do things that they used to enjoy
- struggle to focus on tasks and become distracted easily
- find it difficult to plan, organise and make decisions these problems may first appear at work or with managing money
- lose their inhibitions behaving in socially inappropriate ways and acting impulsively or without thinking. For example, making insensitive or rude comments about someones appearance, making sexual gestures in public, staring at strangers, or being verbally or physically aggressive;
- lose the ability to understand what others might;be thinking or feeling they may be less considerate of the needs of others, lose interest in social activities or be less friendly. They may also have less of a sense of humour or laugh at other peoples problems. This can make the person appear cold and selfish
- show repetitive or obsessive behaviours for example, repeating phrases or gestures, hoarding or being obsessed with timekeeping. They may also take up new interests for example, music or spirituality. These might give the person a positive focus but can become obsessive in nature
- crave sweet, fatty foods or carbohydrates and forget their table manners. They may also no longer know when to stop eating, drinking alcohol or smoking.
You May Like: Is Alzheimer’s Acute Or Chronic